How thick is a caravan floor

How to Fix Small Bubbles. (1) To fix small bubbles in your linoleum flooring (those that are smaller than one inch), use a thick needle to prick the surface of the linoleum and press down to release the trapped air. (2) To restore the floor to its flat finish, lay a towel over the bubble. (3) Using a hot iron, place the iron on the towel ...It isn't very thick no more than 10mm screws into it. brian wenham achjimmy Well-Known Member Jan 24, 2011 3,031 3,401 113 Jan 4, 2015 #3 The floor does tend to split. It's the lowest quality ply I have ever seen. My guess is 12mm @brian wenham .Make sure you have a firm surface and link the seams. Compress the end of each seam with a hammer to prevent the seam creeping apart. Starting at the middle of each seam, hammer the entire seam with a block of timber. Roof sheets get joined on the ground before being rolled up and placed on roof.Rather, we'd encourage you to fold the excess underneath the tent or allow the excess tarp to exceed your tent and peg through the groundsheet. Pegging through the groundsheet is a common alteration, but to ensure you get it right, here are our tips. Consider the position of your tent, make the hole, and then reinforce it to prevent fraying.Caravan window seal, a rubber channel with integeral mastic sealing strip, fits onto either 25mm, 27mm or 30mm thick panel, suits 25 mm wide white insert (not included) see part no CWS 2078. Price per metre. Cut lengths cannot be returned. Select size required below. Other sizes and profiles are available, please contact us for more information.Cost RepairPal reports that the average total annual cost for repairs and maintenance on a Dodge Grand Caravan is $516, compared to an average of $497 for Minivans and $556 for all the vehicles RepairPal considered in its dataset.; Frequency According to RepairPal, Dodge Grand Caravan owners bring their vehicles into a repair shop for unscheduled repairs an average of 1.2 times per year ...the newer cars will go 20 to 22 gage you might find it a bit thicker in a truck and my old 51 GMC 3/4ton is 16-18. seems like 14 gage thanks for the help ......or.......... hope i helped sigpic feel free to shoot me an e-mail direct i have time to chat. [email protected] liquid rubber paint can be applied with a brush, trowel, roller, or spray, and is cold applied. The minimum layer thickness for a waterproof membrane is 2 mm. When painting, the average coverage is 1 L per m 2, yielding a 1 mm thickness. The coating is not applied in one thick coat but rather built up through layering. Step 3: Film curing0. 0. Jul 16, 2017. #1. Hi, I just noticed a post in the 'Brand Banter' section about a 2015 Lunar floor failure. It seems the floor in the kitchen area had become spongy to the point of being unusable. My brother in law has a 2016 Lunar with the same problem. We've put a sheet of plywood over the affected area so they can keep using it while ...Apr 29, 2021 · Modern caravans are generally made from the following materials: Wood; Fibreglass; Sheet aluminium cladding and. Insulating foam. Inside the caravan, the furniture is made largely from aluminium and composite materials. Ultra-light rigid sandwich panels are integrated into the bed cushions and the bed frame is made entirely from aluminium ... Might seem like a strange question, but what is the thickness of the wood of a caravan floor. The reason I ask is that I need to secure a weatherproof box under the 'van and need to decide what length screws to use. 1" No 8 would be more than adequate and I cannot imagine the floor being less than 1" thick, but it's always best to check!Any small defect in the door seal can allow moist air to be drawn into your freezer. Check the condition of the seal all the way around the door. Make sure it is clean and free of rips or tears. Also check the mating surface of the machine and make sure it is clean. . Any build up of debris, crumbs, and hardened spills will compromise the seal.Dec 10, 2018 · Troubleshoot, Fix and Repair. By Cam Merritt Updated December 10, 2018. The floor of one level of a home shares framing with the ceiling of the level below it. In a typical home, the entire ... In general terms, a sheet is a thinner piece of aluminium in comparison to a plate. A sheet of aluminium is from 0.5mm thickness up to 6.0mm in thickness. When the thickness is greater than 6.0mm, it is considered a plate. Ullrich Aluminium produce a range of aluminium plate and sheets to suit a wide range of projects.Each sheet is 29,5" x 19,5" and the mat is designed to cover a total area of 36ft². Material/Design The mat is constructed using a combination of butyl and foil. This material allows for easy adhesion so installation of the unit will be a breeze. The material is thick enough to effectively reduce metal vibrations and engine noise.We install real, hardwood cabinetry, which is built in a mezzanine above the line. This saves floor space and allows our craftsmen to slide the cabinets down a shoot to be installed in the unit. Once the frame is built and cabinetry is installed, next come the walls. First, we frame each wall and construct the interior wall panels.Let the polyester filler cure until material is firm and tack free, about 10 minutes. Sand it down with 80 grit sandpaper until it's flush with the surface of the fiberglass. 2. Clean the fiberglass surface with ajax or comet and water. It's important that the fiberglass is clean before you gelcoat over it.Thick veneer is the wood veneer sheet with thickness more than standard veneer thickness 0.4mm, 0.5mm, 0.55mm, or 0.6mm. Usually, the common thick veneer can be 0.8mm, 1.0mm, 1.5mm, 2mm, 3mm, and 4mm. And the most popular thick wood species are Oak, Walnut, Sapele, Teak, Cherry, Maple, and Bamboo.Standard concrete floor slab thickness in residential construction is 4 inches. Five to six inches is recommended if the concrete will receive occasional heavy loads, such as motor homes or garbage trucks. To prepare the base, cut the ground level to the proper depth to allow for the slab thickness. Remove all organic material and large hard ...Use half a thickness of wool (about 1" thick), since the floor will not need as much insulation as the walls or the ceiling. Split the wool thickness by rolling from one end to the other. As you roll, slowly peel and split the wool in half. Using a scissors, cut the wool to the width of the empty space between the framing (about 6" to 8 ...The way that most caravan floors after a certain time were built was changed from solid 19mm ply-wood (heavy) to a laminated sandwhich-board. This comprises of a 4 or 6mm layer of ply underneath the van, a timber frame above filled with polystyrene or foam to a flush level and then a top layer of 4 or 6mm ply. craigslist maine appliances for sale by owner Here's a Tip: When you use the air conditioning system, it's best to keep the recirculation button in the "on" position rather than the "fresh air" position (see picture below of the recirculation button on a Honda). If you leave the car in "fresh air" mode, it will continue to drag humid air into the car, the vehicle's cabin will never reach optimum temperature, and sometimes ...Opening window rubber with larger bulb, for wall thickness of 25mm & 2 (13 reviews) £9.26 (inc VAT) View Options Opening Window Rubber with Smaller Bulb Opening Window Rubber with Smaller Bulb. Sold per metre. Designed fo (16 reviews) £7.49 (inc VAT) View Options £0.53 Off Awning rail insert, light grey Awning rail insert, Used on Bailey caravans.Here you will find caravans in many sizes, configurations and with practical floor plans. ERIBA caravans offer reliable quality, maximum comfort and winter resistance - cult status included! By the way: You will find detailed purchasing guide on the subject of "buying a caravan" underneath the models. Discover the right model for you depending ...One word of warning. Make sure the laminate is lightweight — make sure that it's not too heavy for the structure of the van. The weight of the flooring should be substracted from the payload. But, for me, having a paler floor covering in the caravan makes the world of difference. The light has increased ten-fold.The way that most caravan floors after a certain time were built was changed from solid 19mm ply-wood (heavy) to a laminated sandwhich-board. This comprises of a 4 or 6mm layer of ply underneath the van, a timber frame above filled with polystyrene or foam to a flush level and then a top layer of 4 or 6mm ply. Price. Add to Cart. Gym Rubber - Black 1-1/4" Thick. Full Roll - 54" x 100FT. $2228.00. NOTE: Products may carry a size tolerance, depending on style. Please see our Tolerance Table. NOTE: The 1-1/4" thick sheets have skins on both sides. The 1/2", 3/4", and 1" have a skin only on one side.caravan floors are built-in like a sandwich, which consists of a layer of very thin plywood that is painted with waterproofing paint, then some wooden slats between which high-density styrene is placed, another layer of plywood, this one is usually thicker and finally the floor that we see in our caravan that is usually made of a vinyl floor …Check the thickness with a gauge rake, a junky tape measure or just a Popsicle stick with the desired thickness marked on it. Move Floor Leveler With a Gauge Rake. A gauge rake is a metal squeegee that rides on two adjustable depth guides. This tool isn't absolutely necessary, but it does work well at spreading the leveler around, and it ...Get detailed information on the 2001 Dodge Caravan including specifications and data that includes dimensions, engine specs, warranty, standard features, options, and more. Facebook Logo Twitter LogoThe floor will consist of six pieces plywood boards, floor centre rail, and self-tapping screws. 4.5.1 Floor The wooden floor to be constructed with 28mm thick 19-ply hardwood plywood boards are laid longitudinally on the transverse members between the steel floor centre rail of 4.0mm thick flat bar and the 3.0mm thick pressed angle section steelMay 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. Quick-Step Livyn Balance Click Canyon Oak Light Brown BACL40031. £32.99 per m2. Quick-Step Livyn Balance Click Select Oak Natural BACL40033. £32.99 per m2. Moduleo Select Classic Oak 24837 Click Vinyl Flooring. £25.00 per m2 was £39.69. Moduleo Select Classic Oak 24864 Click Vinyl Flooring.Dec 06, 2021 · A static caravan is now a built-in series in a completely standard way. Here are the different elements of the construction of the static caravan: e of the static caravan: Roof: Topped by steel tiles and insulated with glass wool. Floor: Mounted on wheels. A wooden or plywood floor insulated with at least 60 mm of glass wool. Sep 04, 2022 · We've researched the best basement floor thicknesses. Basement floors have an average of 4” thick and should not be lower than 3.5” thick. We need to give importance to building a firm basement since this would be your house's foundation. If something happens to your basement, the entire house will be affected. May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. When you think of Willerby, we want you to dream of your perfect holiday home. We have been manufacturing luxury holiday homes for over 70 years and can craft your static caravan to include everything you want and more. There's lots of reasons to choose Willerby, from our extensive choice and stunning interior design to our 9000 strong Willerby ...Once the foam dries, cut off any excess with a utility knife. If you choose to insulate the floor: use cardboard templates to cut ½" XPS or Reflectix to fit. Spray the underside with 3M High Strength 90, set in place, and weight it down until dry. Door panels: Use the same method to install foam board insulation.Please browse our list of private caravan hire, when you ... east 2021 mayo clinic rochester mn doctors city and county bulky item pick up appointment short shaggy hairstyles for thick wavy hair maronda homes sierra floor plan darien lake hours lake michigan drowning 2022 how to stay calm during cross examination how far is puerto vallarta from ...Buy OMAC Floor Mats Fits Dodge Grand Caravan 2008-2020 Black | Front & 3rd Row Seat 3D Liner Set | All Weather Costum Fit Heavy Duty | Car SUV Automotive Accessories: Floor Mats ... Amazon Basics 4-Piece Thick Flexible Rubber Car Floor Mat, Black. 4.6 out of 5 stars ... direct care worker competency test answers Mar 29, 2017 · The consensus is that a properly engineered aluminium caravan frame is well worth considering. Shaun Noble, co-owner of Goldstream RV, agrees. Aluminium is light and durable. But to construct an aluminium caravan frame properly – in a way that will ensure the van outlasts the tow vehicle – takes more time, money and equipment. Cost RepairPal reports that the average total annual cost for repairs and maintenance on a Dodge Grand Caravan is $516, compared to an average of $497 for Minivans and $556 for all the vehicles RepairPal considered in its dataset.; Frequency According to RepairPal, Dodge Grand Caravan owners bring their vehicles into a repair shop for unscheduled repairs an average of 1.2 times per year ...Walnut laminate is roughly £30 - £60 per m², for materials and labour. Oak laminate costs around £30 - £80 per m². The cost of installing maple laminate flooring is around £35 - £105 per m². And one of the more expensive wood laminate flooring options is elm, which costs £37 - £125 per m² for supply and installation.Follow Chipppie244's advise about fixing. PU glue on top of the joist and in the T&G joint, then get the boards tight together and screw them down - best to avoid pipes unless you want plumber to come along and hack a hole in your nice new floor. The PU glue will foam and make a mess on the surface.1 " thick marine ply plenty of varnish underneath . could you remove all the furniture then lay it over the old floor then go under the van and brace the old floor . ... (or last) to suffer from caravan spongy floor disease: Message posted by Lindylou1966 via mobile 07/1/2021 at 7:22pm Outfit: ...Get detailed information on the 2003 Dodge Grand Caravan including specifications and data that includes dimensions, engine specs, warranty, standard features, options, and more.Need a return or exchange? Have a question? Just sending us a note? Get in touch: Tel: 01772 691929 Email: [email protected] 15, 2020 · caravan floor. By ladydode100, August 15, 2020 in Caravan Bodywork. Share ... Thick plywood on everything 1/8" 3 ply over a foam core I don't think so. Jan 10, 2020 · For the cushions we used foam from Clark Rubber cut to our specific sizes. We used medium density foam (the cheap stuff) for the backs of the chair which was about 60mm thick. And then for the seat of the benches we chose to go with a high density foam that was about 120mm thick so that it’s a bit more comfy. With the KERDI-SHOWER-TT thin shower tray on a wood subfloor, you can build up the rest of the bathroom floor by installing either a 5/8" or 3/4" plywood/OSB panel on top of the wood subfloor along with DITRA or another Schluter®-Systems uncoupling membrane. Over a concrete subfloor use a bonded mortar bed of appropriate thickness to build up ...Any small defect in the door seal can allow moist air to be drawn into your freezer. Check the condition of the seal all the way around the door. Make sure it is clean and free of rips or tears. Also check the mating surface of the machine and make sure it is clean. . Any build up of debris, crumbs, and hardened spills will compromise the seal.May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. Quick-Step Livyn Balance Click Canyon Oak Light Brown BACL40031. £32.99 per m2. Quick-Step Livyn Balance Click Select Oak Natural BACL40033. £32.99 per m2. Moduleo Select Classic Oak 24837 Click Vinyl Flooring. £25.00 per m2 was £39.69. Moduleo Select Classic Oak 24864 Click Vinyl Flooring.When you think of Willerby, we want you to dream of your perfect holiday home. We have been manufacturing luxury holiday homes for over 70 years and can craft your static caravan to include everything you want and more. There's lots of reasons to choose Willerby, from our extensive choice and stunning interior design to our 9000 strong Willerby ...Thankfully, Plyco has a number of lightweight plywood options that are perfect for caravan interior applications. Our most highly recommended product for a caravan or campervan interior is Hoop Pine AC Interior Plywood. As implied by the name, this variety of Hoop Pine is specifically designed with interior use in mind. Nov 02, 2010 · Site Nights 2018: 0. Floors in caravans from the 80s onwards are of a sandwich construction - ply (around 6mm) / polystyrene (around 25mm) / ply (around 6mm) making up a floor that is around 36mm thick. Regarding your repair, a lot will depend on the extent of water ingress into the wood supports and if they need to be renewed. Apr 29, 2021 · Modern caravans are generally made from the following materials: Wood; Fibreglass; Sheet aluminium cladding and. Insulating foam. Inside the caravan, the furniture is made largely from aluminium and composite materials. Ultra-light rigid sandwich panels are integrated into the bed cushions and the bed frame is made entirely from aluminium ... When compared to standard house paints the overall cost of this coating is about 50% more. This is due to increase costs per gallon plus a small spread rate, 50-75 square feet per gallon is typical. If you are paying for labor as well, the cost of application of this coating will be also be higher.Sep 04, 2022 · We've researched the best basement floor thicknesses. Basement floors have an average of 4” thick and should not be lower than 3.5” thick. We need to give importance to building a firm basement since this would be your house's foundation. If something happens to your basement, the entire house will be affected. 12mm Mohawk Hartwick Waterproof Laminate. Give your camper or RV a waterproof, scratchproof floor with this laminate flooring. The planks offer stunning visuals and embossing for a convincing natural wood look and feel. With an AC 4 wear layer rating, these planks can handle heavy traffic and pets without a problem.May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. The way that most caravan floors after a certain time were built was changed from solid 19mm ply-wood (heavy) to a laminated sandwhich-board. This comprises of a 4 or 6mm layer of ply underneath the van, a timber frame above filled with polystyrene or foam to a flush level and then a top layer of 4 or 6mm ply.Chassis max is 100 kg. Dealer did help reduce it to 90 kg but wanted me to pay £500. Did sort it after Trading Standards got involved.off road for months with a brand new caravan. Next had recall because of danger of wheels falling off. At least they did this quickly. Final straw was damp.at front rotted floor.May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. As an example, if the sheet is up to 1.5 sq. metres, 3mm should suffice, while anything between 1.5 and 2 sq. metres should have a minimum thickness of 4mm. If you're unsure and want some friendly advice, give our team a call on 01903 389024 or drop us an email at [email protected] and we will be happy to help you make an informed decision.Worthington Caravan and RV also manufacture Caravan and RV floors, walls and panels made from different materials. We work with customers to design composite panels that provide effective solutions for specific needs. Past examples include the use of composite panels to deliver lightweight floor solutions, curved/moulded panels for fit outs ...Sep 04, 2022 · We've researched the best basement floor thicknesses. Basement floors have an average of 4” thick and should not be lower than 3.5” thick. We need to give importance to building a firm basement since this would be your house's foundation. If something happens to your basement, the entire house will be affected. Aug 15, 2020 · caravan floor. By ladydode100, August 15, 2020 in Caravan Bodywork. Share ... Thick plywood on everything 1/8" 3 ply over a foam core I don't think so. <p>Bowtop Gypsy Caravan spares or repair Shepherds Hut Holiday. </p><p>Selling for a friend so please contact him for questions, 6'6" at widest part of bow x 5' by narrow part wide x 9'4" long, can stand up inside, approx 10ft from the floor, high, 4 wheel and turn table on the front, has a draw bar, log burner, will be emptied, just needs tlc, great project for the winter! </p>Thankfully, Plyco has a number of lightweight plywood options that are perfect for caravan interior applications. Our most highly recommended product for a caravan or campervan interior is Hoop Pine AC Interior Plywood. As implied by the name, this variety of Hoop Pine is specifically designed with interior use in mind.With thick galvanised structural wall surrounding a polystyrene filling these panels make the perfect insulated option to keep you warm and cozy on those cold nights. Base can be either steel or wood. We can even insulate the floor if you require for added comfort. Our caravan annex is the go-to for quality. What you get is: Insulated roomType and thickness of ply for converting van. I'm converting a (high roof, LWB) panel van into a camper, and want to use ply both for walls/ceiling/floor and for furniture. What type (hardwood/softwood) and thicknesses should I use for: 9mm soft (or 12mm so I could hang things off it if I decided to)? Maybe 6mm or 9mm of soft? I really don't know.You will get a more professional look by covering the entire floor. Adding Vinyl - Caravan Floor The furniture will sit on top, and be screwed to the floor later. Standard Wall Construction The wall thickness will be 18mm frame, with 3mm ply on the inside and the cladding on the outside. This will give an overall thickness of 25mm. CGear Multimats are the top of the line when it comes to camping mats. Their patented multi-layer weave technology allows dirt, sand and dust to fall through the mat without allowing anything to come back up. These mats are extremely durable and are made with reinforced edges and stainless steel D-rings and wont tear or fray - even if cut.May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. Underneath that is a thick layer of insulation. Your RV's roof does most of the "heavy lifting" when it comes to insulating your RV since heat rises and its the one area that's most exposed to the sun. Your roof's insulation is usually between R-10 to R-20. Since it's thicker than the walls, more insulation is possible.With thick galvanised structural wall surrounding a polystyrene filling these panels make the perfect insulated option to keep you warm and cozy on those cold nights. Base can be either steel or wood. We can even insulate the floor if you require for added comfort. Our caravan annex is the go-to for quality. What you get is: Insulated roomAfter that we wanted to -. Remove the super old air conditioner at the front of the van and replace with a full length double window like we had at the back. Move the door over a little bit so we could fit our bed at the front of the van. Add one new window in at the front, which is where our bed is going to go.Type and thickness of ply for converting van. I'm converting a (high roof, LWB) panel van into a camper, and want to use ply both for walls/ceiling/floor and for furniture. What type (hardwood/softwood) and thicknesses should I use for: 9mm soft (or 12mm so I could hang things off it if I decided to)? Maybe 6mm or 9mm of soft? I really don't know.If the centre of the floor is solid and you are fitting a counter etc, you should get away with just fitting flooring around the sides to cover the footprint of the new counter etc . That will save some weight and if you screw the new fittings to the caravan frame and through the floor, you should have a solid job .This time we are repairing the caravan floor. It is very spongy and has been getting worse over time. So I repair it using a delam kit.Floor delam kit can be...Noble Prime External Sheeting, 2.0mm thick, (3.9mm total thickness) 4.15kg/m2 Filon Flexroof Sheeting, 1.0mm thick, 1.5kg/m2 Caravan Wall Ply, Polyteck 3.8mm thick; 2400 x 1200mm 7.9kg/sheet, 2.75kg/m2 Floor Ply, 12.5mm thick, 6.85kg/m2 Chassis Steel, per liner metre: RHS 150x50x3mm, 8.96kg RHS 100x50x3mm, 6.6kg RHS 75x50x3mm, 5.42kgHere are the best 2 storey RV's or travel trailers. 1. Airstream Skydeck. airstream skydeck. Airstream has made what they call a skydeck model and it is basically a rooftop patio and not a true double decker vehicle. The skydeck is a solid built motorhome that has a rooftop patio on the upper deck. Its space that you can unfold in a couple of ...Use half a thickness of wool (about 1" thick), since the floor will not need as much insulation as the walls or the ceiling. Split the wool thickness by rolling from one end to the other. As you roll, slowly peel and split the wool in half. Using a scissors, cut the wool to the width of the empty space between the framing (about 6" to 8 ...Sep 05, 2021 · You can do this by using a sprayer to apply the antifreeze to the surface of the wood. Then let the disinfectant solution dry for a week or two. Seal the wood with diluted epoxy resin. To create a strong and waterproof bond, epoxy resin is combined with a hardener. May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. Check the thickness with a gauge rake, a junky tape measure or just a Popsicle stick with the desired thickness marked on it. Move Floor Leveler With a Gauge Rake. A gauge rake is a metal squeegee that rides on two adjustable depth guides. This tool isn't absolutely necessary, but it does work well at spreading the leveler around, and it ...Strength is paramount to ensure rigidity, long life and durability. Our floors are constructed by means of single piece 42mm thick sandwich panel. A fully welded aluminum frame provides the backbone of the floor. A durable layer of vinyl is bonded to a 3mm thick fiberglass skin, followed by 30mm thick XPS high density foam, lastly the bottom ... Mar 22, 2016 · We install real, hardwood cabinetry, which is built in a mezzanine above the line. This saves floor space and allows our craftsmen to slide the cabinets down a shoot to be installed in the unit. Once the frame is built and cabinetry is installed, next come the walls. First, we frame each wall and construct the interior wall panels. Panel thicknesses available in 2.7mm, 12mm, 15mm and 18mm thick lightweight plywoods Furniture Components for RV Market featuring European quality and Style European sourced papers and substrates for a clean superior finish and look. Thicker substrates designed for the cabinetry and perfect for furniture components. Highly durable panelsChassis max is 100 kg. Dealer did help reduce it to 90 kg but wanted me to pay £500. Did sort it after Trading Standards got involved.off road for months with a brand new caravan. Next had recall because of danger of wheels falling off. At least they did this quickly. Final straw was damp.at front rotted floor.Jun 29, 2015 · During the 1950s, caravans were still being built as they had been in the 1920s and 1930s, with timber frames, double-panel ply sidewalls and a single-panel roof. Early Streamlite Rovers (Sprite) first used Holoplast, a heavy material that proved expensive – and buyers didn’t pay for costly new construction. As an example, if you have a floor area of 130m 2 and need a concrete slab 300mm thick, then you're looking at a volume of around 40m 3. The cost of pouring a concrete slab for that project would be somewhere between £6,000 and £8,500, plus labour. Cost of pouring concrete foundationApr 29, 2021 · Modern caravans are generally made from the following materials: Wood; Fibreglass; Sheet aluminium cladding and. Insulating foam. Inside the caravan, the furniture is made largely from aluminium and composite materials. Ultra-light rigid sandwich panels are integrated into the bed cushions and the bed frame is made entirely from aluminium ... Jun 29, 2015 · During the 1950s, caravans were still being built as they had been in the 1920s and 1930s, with timber frames, double-panel ply sidewalls and a single-panel roof. Early Streamlite Rovers (Sprite) first used Holoplast, a heavy material that proved expensive – and buyers didn’t pay for costly new construction. Mar 29, 2017 · The consensus is that a properly engineered aluminium caravan frame is well worth considering. Shaun Noble, co-owner of Goldstream RV, agrees. Aluminium is light and durable. But to construct an aluminium caravan frame properly – in a way that will ensure the van outlasts the tow vehicle – takes more time, money and equipment. Sep 07, 2022 · A plywood subfloor generally uses 1/2-inch to 3/4-inch-thick sheets. The thinner 1/2-inch plywood subfloor material is ideal for carpet or vinyl, but I recommend the thicker version for floor tiles. In addition, depending on the spacing of the joists, 15/32-inch plywood should be standard if the underlying floor joists are 16 inches or less ... persimmon regents place Jan 04, 2015 · Jan 4, 2015. #3. The floor does tend to split. It's the lowest quality ply I have ever seen. My guess is 12mm @brian wenham . The other thing I would do is sand back the ply really well and then get a really good quality wood glue. Like a urea glue and bond the two then screw up. The bond will do the work, the screws are purely to hold together ... Coachbuilts have bonded wall and floor panels of varying thickness; this Auto-Trail's floor section gives good insulation, while a cheaper coachbuilt may have walls just 25mm thick ... Known as Alu-Tech, the system was used on Bailey's Pegasus caravan launched in 2009 and used when it started manufacturing motorhomes. The photographs show ...Hardwood flooring is beautiful but tends to be very thick and heavy (and more expensive), so laminate is a wiser choice for your van floor. If you're going for a wood look, I recommend something that has a mixed grain of darker and lighter colors (like the image below), so all the wood you use throughout the van will complement the floor.The thicker the glass is, the less fragile it is in your window. An average sheet of window glass, otherwise known as 'Single Strength' glass↗, is 3/32" thick. Single strength glass is used in most residential windows. Glass for larger windows or doors will require thicker glass.Caravans are a great investment for families and couples that love the freedom to holiday whenever they please. If you have a caravan or are thinking of buying a holiday caravan, there is plenty you can do to make it yours. From changing out the soft furnishings and replacing hardware to a complete renovation. In this guide to static caravan ...Mar 22, 2016 · We install real, hardwood cabinetry, which is built in a mezzanine above the line. This saves floor space and allows our craftsmen to slide the cabinets down a shoot to be installed in the unit. Once the frame is built and cabinetry is installed, next come the walls. First, we frame each wall and construct the interior wall panels. Sep 04, 2022 · We've researched the best basement floor thicknesses. Basement floors have an average of 4” thick and should not be lower than 3.5” thick. We need to give importance to building a firm basement since this would be your house's foundation. If something happens to your basement, the entire house will be affected. Caravan window seal, a rubber channel with integeral mastic sealing strip, fits onto either 25mm, 27mm or 30mm thick panel, suits 25 mm wide white insert (not included) see part no CWS 2078. Price per metre. Cut lengths cannot be returned. Select size required below. Other sizes and profiles are available, please contact us for more information.The floor will consist of six pieces plywood boards, floor centre rail, and self-tapping screws. 4.5.1 Floor The wooden floor to be constructed with 28mm thick 19-ply hardwood plywood boards are laid longitudinally on the transverse members between the steel floor centre rail of 4.0mm thick flat bar and the 3.0mm thick pressed angle section steelThe thickness of composite sandwich panels in caravan contruction is typically between 30 to 35mm. However, this varies depending on floor type, loads, construction, shape and size. Why is it so important to insulate a caravan in Australia? Rather, we'd encourage you to fold the excess underneath the tent or allow the excess tarp to exceed your tent and peg through the groundsheet. Pegging through the groundsheet is a common alteration, but to ensure you get it right, here are our tips. Consider the position of your tent, make the hole, and then reinforce it to prevent fraying.Is easy to cut and it into most spaces Provides reliable long term energy savings for buildings Has excellent dimensional stability Is available in a standard board thickness of 50mm, 75mm, 100mm, 125mm, 150mm and 200mm. have low susceptibility to rot, are clean, odourless and free from irritating dust. CERTIFICATIONStep 1. 1/10. First of all, you need to buy a retro van that's within a reasonable budget. As a rule of thumb, vans from the 1980s or earlier shouldn't cost more than $5000 for the whole project - that includes buying the van, restoring it and getting it registered. Normally I try and find retro vans for around the $2000 mark, which ...Providing the best organic weather protection for you and your family, regardless of where you travel or where your caravan rests. Foilboard® is impervious to moisture and offers impressive R-value ratings. It simply clicks into place using a patented lock-in flap design to save time and labour. Reduces waste by allowing the re-use of off cuts.An easy and quick way is to just use one thick piece of plywood. It's easy, quick, cheap, and relatively light weight depending on how thick the plywood is. ... That way my wall will sit right on the metal trailer frame and I'll screw the wall to the 2×4 in the floor from the outside. I'm also going to run the outside sheathing down to ...Global Industrial™ Diamond Plate Ergonomic Mat, 15/16" Thick, 3' x 5', Black/Yellow Border. ITEM #: WB800319 (9) 1. 1 ...I'd thought of WBP ply, but to match the thickness of the laminated floor would be VERY heavy and expensive. My current thoughts are to build a frame topped with ~12mm ply (so the floor level matches the remaining laminate flooring) to keep the weight down, but the strength up. ... a caravan , that way you get a piece of floor ready made and ...Vango Balletto Air 330 Elements Proshield. The popular Balletto awning comes with a new luxury Proshield fabric for 2022, which is designed to allow water to "bead" and includes ColourLok technology that help to prevent fading from UV light. As before, there is single point inflation and multi-point deflation. Price: £1125.The 2022 Range. Adventure awaits in Australia's most popular caravans. The Jayco Caravan range has been designed to withstand Australian conditions with the introduction of new world-class technology and safety features, all in the comfort and luxury of our next generation caravans.Coachbuilts have bonded wall and floor panels of varying thickness; this Auto-Trail's floor section gives good insulation, while a cheaper coachbuilt may have walls just 25mm thick ... Known as Alu-Tech, the system was used on Bailey's Pegasus caravan launched in 2009 and used when it started manufacturing motorhomes. The photographs show ...Make sure you have a firm surface and link the seams. Compress the end of each seam with a hammer to prevent the seam creeping apart. Starting at the middle of each seam, hammer the entire seam with a block of timber. Roof sheets get joined on the ground before being rolled up and placed on roof.Adria caravans have a reputation for being robustly built, which reflects our approach to design, construction and quality management. Adria's unique 'Comprex' body construction combines the torsional strength of wood, the durability of polyurethane and the moisturestopping properties of polyester. 1 Composite wood panel. 2 Polyurethane ...Type of Tile: The most suitable types of tiles for a wet room floor are Porcelain, Natural Stone or Mosaic tiles. Because of there construction we do not recommend the use of ceramic tiles on a wet room floor, they are however perfect for the wet room walls. Porcelain tiles, including large format porcelain tiles are perfect for a wet room.Compare Camec 5 x 3m Caravan Floor Matting 605437. Select another one or two products to compare. You can compare up to 3 products. Compare two items. You have selected 3 products. Compare items. 20% Off. Camec Camec Pole Carrier with 2 Brackets 2185mm $139.99 ^ Compare ...A popular choice is dense polystyrene foam which is relatively cost-effective and can be cut to fit snugly inside the caravan's panels. Roof, windows and floor. While many owners only consider the walls, there is a lot of benefit in making sure that the roof, floors and windows are adequately insulated too. Always seek professional advice on ...Chassis max is 100 kg. Dealer did help reduce it to 90 kg but wanted me to pay £500. Did sort it after Trading Standards got involved.off road for months with a brand new caravan. Next had recall because of danger of wheels falling off. At least they did this quickly. Final straw was damp.at front rotted floor.Since it's a cushioned product, it reduces leg fatigue compared to traditional timbers, tiles and concrete floors. Prestige Softex by Signature is a premium grade 2.60 -2.80mm thick vinyl with a textile backing offering a soft, cushioned experience - combined with an extremely hard-wearing SuperGuard™ PU surface treatment.Thankfully, Plyco has a number of lightweight plywood options that are perfect for caravan interior applications. Our most highly recommended product for a caravan or campervan interior is Hoop Pine AC Interior Plywood. As implied by the name, this variety of Hoop Pine is specifically designed with interior use in mind.Protect the floor of your truck or SUV with Rugged Ridge Floor Mats. Whether pickup, Jeep, or sport utility, these floor liners offer thick protection with rubber-like thermoplastic custom-molded to your interior's dimensions. Floor hooks keep your liner secure while deep treads channel liquids away from your shoes and pant cuffs. From $69.99Dig the area deep enough to accommodate the sub base (100mm) and damp-proof membrane (dpm) as well as the thickness of the concrete slab itself. As a rule of thumb, concrete slabs supporting lighter weights such as paths, patios and shed bases will need to be 75-100mm thick, while driveways and garages need to be at least 100mm thick.Coachbuilts have bonded wall and floor panels of varying thickness; this Auto-Trail's floor section gives good insulation, while a cheaper coachbuilt may have walls just 25mm thick ... Known as Alu-Tech, the system was used on Bailey's Pegasus caravan launched in 2009 and used when it started manufacturing motorhomes. The photographs show ...The crib converts as is to two different toddler bed styles: a 3-walled toddler bed or a platform-style toddler bed that can be used as seating well beyond the nursery years. It also converts to the Caravan Divan with the Caravan Conversion Kit. Available in raw Ash and oiled Ash, White Oak or Walnut. More on finishes here. Wood is hand-rubbed ...Coachman Caravan Models. To view the caravan specifications and towing data for the 914 Coachman caravan models please browse through the list below to find the model you are interested in and click on the link. So if you are looking for your caravan's MTPLM, MIRO, which electric socket it has, the maximum laden weight or the length and width ...After this is completed, you can start stirring in the thinning agent. For his repair, Doug thinned the epoxy by 50% using the xylene. He used a cheap sprayer to apply the mixture to all the sub-floor surfaces. For this part, you should only need about a quart of resin. Initially, Doug bought a gallon but it was too much for this particular job.Minimum flooring thickness in any residential building. There are three general types of ground flooring construction: 1) Solid floor, 2) suspended Timber floor and 3) suspended concrete floor.. 1) Solid floor: A solid floor is typical way of constructing a solid floor for ground flooring would be to provide a base of hardcore with sand blinding material, with a layer of concrete over that.An easy and quick way is to just use one thick piece of plywood. It's easy, quick, cheap, and relatively light weight depending on how thick the plywood is. ... That way my wall will sit right on the metal trailer frame and I'll screw the wall to the 2×4 in the floor from the outside. I'm also going to run the outside sheathing down to ...The thickness of composite sandwich panels in caravan contruction is typically between 30 to 35mm. However, this varies depending on floor type, loads, construction, shape and size. Why is it so important to insulate a caravan in Australia? Stick and tin. Pros: Easy to repair if the timber or aluminium gets damaged but more costly to replace an entire panel. Easy to add fixings/fasteners to the body - find a frame/stud and away you go. Can easily be modified/fixed by the owner. Heavy-duty chassis. Often utilise aluminium frames over timber. Cons:May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. You can't have a caravan without some kind of chassis, but there are a few variations on the theme... The most common set-up involves longitudinal chassis beams made from Rectangular Hollow Section (RHS) 150mm x 50mm steel, while the cross beams often are Square Hollow Section (SHS) 50mm x 50mm.Thickness: 5mm, 12.7mm, 19mm, 25mm, 30mm, 40mm Birch Premium Birch plywood is the leading plywood product for architectural and exceptional joinery applications. This product has a warm, light coloured appearance and grain detail, making it suitable for both interior and exterior applications. View Plyco's Birch Premium products in store.Mar 22, 2016 · We install real, hardwood cabinetry, which is built in a mezzanine above the line. This saves floor space and allows our craftsmen to slide the cabinets down a shoot to be installed in the unit. Once the frame is built and cabinetry is installed, next come the walls. First, we frame each wall and construct the interior wall panels. Cost-efficient Carpet option for your Motorhome Carpet Runner Sets. If you do not want to have the expense of a complete new set of caravan/motorhome carpets we make up runner sets in the same quality carpet as used in our bespoke sets but a fraction of the price. With 40 colours to choose from (please contact us to check stock colours as they sell fast) there is certain to be a colour to ...The anatomy of the orbital floor predisposes it to fracture. The inferior orbital neurovascular bundle (comprising the infraorbital nerve and artery) courses within the bony floor of the orbit; the roof of this infraorbital canal is only 0.23mm thick, and the bone of the posterior medial orbital floor averages 0.37 mm thick.BEST OVERALL: TotalBoat TotalTread Non-Skid Deck Paint. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: INSL-X Sure Step Acrylic Anti-Slip Coating. BEST FOR DECK RAIL: Montage Signature Eco-Friendly Paint. BEST GLOSS ...This image shows what the interior of a mobile home will look like and how the insulation may be covering the wiring. Step 3: Remove Trim and Battens Next, remove the battens or strips that cover the seams where your wallboards meet. You can read how to do that here.The floor not only supports the walls, but all of the internal elements of the vehicle. Strength is paramount to ensure rigidity, long life and durability. Our floors are constructed by means of single piece 42mm thick sandwich panel. A fully welded aluminum frame provides the backbone of the floor.<p>Bowtop Gypsy Caravan spares or repair Shepherds Hut Holiday. </p><p>Selling for a friend so please contact him for questions, 6'6" at widest part of bow x 5' by narrow part wide x 9'4" long, can stand up inside, approx 10ft from the floor, high, 4 wheel and turn table on the front, has a draw bar, log burner, will be emptied, just needs tlc, great project for the winter! </p>One word of warning. Make sure the laminate is lightweight — make sure that it's not too heavy for the structure of the van. The weight of the flooring should be substracted from the payload. But, for me, having a paler floor covering in the caravan makes the world of difference. The light has increased ten-fold.Hardwood flooring is beautiful but tends to be very thick and heavy (and more expensive), so laminate is a wiser choice for your van floor. If you're going for a wood look, I recommend something that has a mixed grain of darker and lighter colors (like the image below), so all the wood you use throughout the van will complement the floor.¾ - 1 inch of insulation is a common wall thickness to use. High strength adhesives such as 3M high strength 90 or gorilla tape are great ways to hold the foam in place. However, if you want to make sure the walls are really sealed for moisture, you'll want to use a spray foam to adhere the boards to the wall.Aluminum Cage. Awning Length. 21'. Std. Bed Dimensions. 60" X 80" Queen. 1 Based on average weight of the standard build. 2 Hitch to rear. 3 Equivalent R-Value. 4 Units built before 12/1/18 have 52 Gal Fresh Water Capacity (Trancend Only).The specs of the caravan are below. 150L virtrifrigo compressor fridge. 220L of drinking water tanks. 110L of greywater. 260ah of battery. 40amp battery charger with an internal monitor. 30amp dc-dc charger. 40amp battery protector.Dec 10, 2018 · Troubleshoot, Fix and Repair. By Cam Merritt Updated December 10, 2018. The floor of one level of a home shares framing with the ceiling of the level below it. In a typical home, the entire ... The liquid rubber paint can be applied with a brush, trowel, roller, or spray, and is cold applied. The minimum layer thickness for a waterproof membrane is 2 mm. When painting, the average coverage is 1 L per m 2, yielding a 1 mm thickness. The coating is not applied in one thick coat but rather built up through layering. Step 3: Film curingHopefully you have grass or a clean concrete pad to work on. Measure out your cuts and mark them with a chalk line tool. The drawing was helpful for determining how much flooring to buy, but take direct measurements in the RV for this part. Cut large areas outside leaving several extra inches around the perimeter.Noble Prime External Sheeting, 2.0mm thick, (3.9mm total thickness) 4.15kg/m2 Filon Flexroof Sheeting, 1.0mm thick, 1.5kg/m2 Caravan Wall Ply, Polyteck 3.8mm thick; 2400 x 1200mm 7.9kg/sheet, 2.75kg/m2 Floor Ply, 12.5mm thick, 6.85kg/m2 Chassis Steel, per liner metre: RHS 150x50x3mm, 8.96kg RHS 100x50x3mm, 6.6kg RHS 75x50x3mm, 5.42kgThankfully, Plyco has a number of lightweight plywood options that are perfect for caravan interior applications. Our most highly recommended product for a caravan or campervan interior is Hoop Pine AC Interior Plywood. As implied by the name, this variety of Hoop Pine is specifically designed with interior use in mind. In general terms, a sheet is a thinner piece of aluminium in comparison to a plate. A sheet of aluminium is from 0.5mm thickness up to 6.0mm in thickness. When the thickness is greater than 6.0mm, it is considered a plate. Ullrich Aluminium produce a range of aluminium plate and sheets to suit a wide range of projects.Site Nights 2018: 0. Floors in caravans from the 80s onwards are of a sandwich construction - ply (around 6mm) / polystyrene (around 25mm) / ply (around 6mm) making up a floor that is around 36mm thick. Regarding your repair, a lot will depend on the extent of water ingress into the wood supports and if they need to be renewed.We manufacture SMARTLINER custom fit floor mats & cargo liners for your car, truck, SUV, or Minivan. The superior all weather carpet protection is made with eco-friendly materials and designed in the US. We offer a Lifetime Warranty and Free Shipping on all of our products!Dec 06, 2021 · A static caravan is now a built-in series in a completely standard way. Here are the different elements of the construction of the static caravan: e of the static caravan: Roof: Topped by steel tiles and insulated with glass wool. Floor: Mounted on wheels. A wooden or plywood floor insulated with at least 60 mm of glass wool. Insulating the Roof of your log cabin: The roof is a little trickier to do and takes a little more work. Before we start you need to decide what thickness of insulation board to use. 50mm, the same as the floor is very convenient and often used. You could also go up to 70mm to gain the same R value.Nov 02, 2010 · Site Nights 2018: 0. Floors in caravans from the 80s onwards are of a sandwich construction - ply (around 6mm) / polystyrene (around 25mm) / ply (around 6mm) making up a floor that is around 36mm thick. Regarding your repair, a lot will depend on the extent of water ingress into the wood supports and if they need to be renewed. Sep 04, 2022 · We've researched the best basement floor thicknesses. Basement floors have an average of 4” thick and should not be lower than 3.5” thick. We need to give importance to building a firm basement since this would be your house's foundation. If something happens to your basement, the entire house will be affected. Dec 10, 2018 · Troubleshoot, Fix and Repair. By Cam Merritt Updated December 10, 2018. The floor of one level of a home shares framing with the ceiling of the level below it. In a typical home, the entire ... Using 2 1/2-inch drywall screws, we drove screws down through the existing flooring into the cleat, spacing the screws close to 3 inches on center. When you lay the new plywood replacement piece in the hole, it will be supported by the cleat and you simply run screws through the new plywood into the cleat. Voila!A popular choice is dense polystyrene foam which is relatively cost-effective and can be cut to fit snugly inside the caravan's panels. Roof, windows and floor. While many owners only consider the walls, there is a lot of benefit in making sure that the roof, floors and windows are adequately insulated too. Always seek professional advice on ...Mar 29, 2017 · The consensus is that a properly engineered aluminium caravan frame is well worth considering. Shaun Noble, co-owner of Goldstream RV, agrees. Aluminium is light and durable. But to construct an aluminium caravan frame properly – in a way that will ensure the van outlasts the tow vehicle – takes more time, money and equipment. Insulating the Roof of your log cabin: The roof is a little trickier to do and takes a little more work. Before we start you need to decide what thickness of insulation board to use. 50mm, the same as the floor is very convenient and often used. You could also go up to 70mm to gain the same R value.May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. diamond comics price Mar 29, 2017 · The consensus is that a properly engineered aluminium caravan frame is well worth considering. Shaun Noble, co-owner of Goldstream RV, agrees. Aluminium is light and durable. But to construct an aluminium caravan frame properly – in a way that will ensure the van outlasts the tow vehicle – takes more time, money and equipment. Step 1. 1/10. First of all, you need to buy a retro van that's within a reasonable budget. As a rule of thumb, vans from the 1980s or earlier shouldn't cost more than $5000 for the whole project - that includes buying the van, restoring it and getting it registered. Normally I try and find retro vans for around the $2000 mark, which ...We manufacture SMARTLINER custom fit floor mats & cargo liners for your car, truck, SUV, or Minivan. The superior all weather carpet protection is made with eco-friendly materials and designed in the US. We offer a Lifetime Warranty and Free Shipping on all of our products!The caravan manufacturer is responsible for setting up the right weight balance on the van and to ensure the van matches the existing tow vehicle or a new one that's pending. If the nose is up in the air or dipping down too low the van will be unbalanced and likely be a nightmare to tow. The chassis is designed to be the backbone of a caravan.Strength is paramount to ensure rigidity, long life and durability. Our floors are constructed by means of single piece 42mm thick sandwich panel. A fully welded aluminum frame provides the backbone of the floor. A durable layer of vinyl is bonded to a 3mm thick fiberglass skin, followed by 30mm thick XPS high density foam, lastly the bottom ... Underneath that is a thick layer of insulation. Your RV's roof does most of the "heavy lifting" when it comes to insulating your RV since heat rises and its the one area that's most exposed to the sun. Your roof's insulation is usually between R-10 to R-20. Since it's thicker than the walls, more insulation is possible.Step 1. 1/10. First of all, you need to buy a retro van that's within a reasonable budget. As a rule of thumb, vans from the 1980s or earlier shouldn't cost more than $5000 for the whole project - that includes buying the van, restoring it and getting it registered. Normally I try and find retro vans for around the $2000 mark, which ...Minimum flooring thickness in any residential building. There are three general types of ground flooring construction: 1) Solid floor, 2) suspended Timber floor and 3) suspended concrete floor.. 1) Solid floor: A solid floor is typical way of constructing a solid floor for ground flooring would be to provide a base of hardcore with sand blinding material, with a layer of concrete over that.May 09, 2022 · No matter the material, the floor works hand in hand with the chassis, as when the floor is bonded to the chassis it adds structural strength to the assembly. Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. The caravan laminate floor is made from a bonded plywood laminate with a thick insulated foam centre. Over time the bonded laminate will break away from the insulated foam centre resulting in the floor feeling “spongey” underfoot and occurs especially around the kitchen area and the main door. We can inject a special resin into the floor ... Jun 29, 2015 · During the 1950s, caravans were still being built as they had been in the 1920s and 1930s, with timber frames, double-panel ply sidewalls and a single-panel roof. Early Streamlite Rovers (Sprite) first used Holoplast, a heavy material that proved expensive – and buyers didn’t pay for costly new construction. Step 3: New Floor Framing At the edges I screwed 4" wide plywood to form "tabs" that the new sub floor could fasten to. Also I planned to insulate the floor with 3" of Styrofoam. I had a big stack of 3" mahogany strips, but any solid wood should work. english grade 1 quarter 3 week 4 Jul 17, 2014 · Just had my 2013 Affinity floor repaired as it had delaminated in between the front seating areas. Rest of the floor still seems to creak a lot but the delaminated area was definitely "spongy". Suggest you get it checked out - Elddis will repair it under warranty. Like you I have had many issues with my van - look at my latest post. The thicker the glass is, the less fragile it is in your window. An average sheet of window glass, otherwise known as 'Single Strength' glass↗, is 3/32" thick. Single strength glass is used in most residential windows. Glass for larger windows or doors will require thicker glass.Might seem like a strange question, but what is the thickness of the wood of a caravan floor. The reason I ask is that I need to secure a weatherproof box under the 'van and need to decide what length screws to use. 1" No 8 would be more than adequate and I cannot imagine the floor being less than 1" thick, but it's always best to check!Custom panels for building caravans, campervans and motorhomes. With over twenty years' experience working with panels for the recreational vehicle (RV) industry, Brisbane-based Lavender Composites provides products and know-how for our customers Australia-wide. Our range encompasses impact-resistant, ultra-lightweight floor panels and high ...It isn't very thick no more than 10mm screws into it. brian wenham achjimmy Well-Known Member Jan 24, 2011 3,031 3,401 113 Jan 4, 2015 #3 The floor does tend to split. It's the lowest quality ply I have ever seen. My guess is 12mm @brian wenham .As an example, if the sheet is up to 1.5 sq. metres, 3mm should suffice, while anything between 1.5 and 2 sq. metres should have a minimum thickness of 4mm. If you're unsure and want some friendly advice, give our team a call on 01903 389024 or drop us an email at [email protected] and we will be happy to help you make an informed decision.Getaway with more in an Australian-made caravan by Supreme. As caravan manufacturers with over 30 years' experience designing & building modern caravans for travelling Down Under, there's something uniquely Australian about a Supreme Caravan. Whether you're a voyager, wanderer, explorer or nomad, our quality caravans come with all the mod ...Caravan floor, wall and roof panels; Chilled & refrigerated vehicle wall, door and roof panels; Exhibition vehicle floor, wall and roof panels; ... 25mm thick panel weighs between 5.4kgs/m2 and 10.7kgs/m2 depending on skin thicknesses and core material: Features: 10 year guarantee: 3) CarPlan GF Light ...Yes. 48 long guns. 775 lbs. 25.5" x 42" x 59"YesAssuming a newer mobile home and the floor is in good condition. Even larger safes are supported by a typical mobile home because they are usually wider, meaning the weight is spread over a bigger floor area. I.E., a tall safe will concentrate more pressure on the floor compared to a wide ...Apr 29, 2021 · Modern caravans are generally made from the following materials: Wood; Fibreglass; Sheet aluminium cladding and. Insulating foam. Inside the caravan, the furniture is made largely from aluminium and composite materials. Ultra-light rigid sandwich panels are integrated into the bed cushions and the bed frame is made entirely from aluminium ... Apr 29, 2021 · Modern caravans are generally made from the following materials: Wood; Fibreglass; Sheet aluminium cladding and. Insulating foam. Inside the caravan, the furniture is made largely from aluminium and composite materials. Ultra-light rigid sandwich panels are integrated into the bed cushions and the bed frame is made entirely from aluminium ... That is the common method of floor construction in RVs. Cheaper models have less insulation and thinner subfloor plywood (or equivalent) and some may even have a metal sheet at the bottom, but the sandwich is basically the same. Yes, the insulation is important for your comfort, though the R value of 1 1/2 inch of Styrofoam is not great.The floor is a one piece composite floor 33mm thick. Construction is 6mm commercial, ply top and bottom, filled with high density foam and supported by a polyurethane structure. The floor final shape is precision machined to ensure the squareness of the caravan body.By the 1960s, the aluminium sheet, hardwood frame body on a steel chassis had started to be become popular and has been the mainstay of Australian caravan production since. Most traditional-build Aussie vans are based on a chassis that has 100mm x 50mm RHS main rails -- nice and strong (and heavy) for our rough roads.Make sure it has a good 1/4″ to 1/2″ on all sides. Take a push broom and sweep it. Push hard and push out as much of the air as you can. Now the hard part. Walk away and leave it. The mat is the picture above relaxed in about two days.Might seem like a strange question, but what is the thickness of the wood of a caravan floor. The reason I ask is that I need to secure a weatherproof box under the 'van and need to decide what length screws to use. 1" No 8 would be more than adequate and I cannot imagine the floor being less than 1" thick, but it's always best to check!And an overly thick concrete slab will cost more than it needs to and be more difficult to put in. The minimum concrete slab thickness we recommend is 100mm. This will be adequate for light / normal use - such as parking cars or caravans, as well as storing workshop equipmen t and the like.The ONLY way to really go wrong with using Liquid Rubber Waterproofing products is when the steps are not carried out properly, short cuts are taken and/or lack of care when preparing and applying. Many of our DIYers use Liquid Rubber for waterproofing projects such as: caravans & camper roofs & undercarriages, boat decks & hulls, aquariums ...Get detailed information on the 2003 Dodge Grand Caravan including specifications and data that includes dimensions, engine specs, warranty, standard features, options, and more.Steps to Remove the Yellow Stains: Begin by removing the rugs and sweeping away any dirt from the area. Next, wet the entire area with plain water. Sprinkle baking soda over the yellowed area and allow it to set for at least 10-15 minutes. Use a soft cloth to wipe the baking soda away.The first step is to remove the entire sandwich piece that lies between the two aluminum rails. Next, you can tap and screw in a piece of angle made from aluminum and make it flush to the bottom of the flooring. Then to get the right floor thickness, you can glue and screw two pieces of 3/4" plywood together.Dec 22, 2013 · 14. 19,185. Dec 22, 2013. #2. Hi Mikarooney,thought you had deserted us. As far as I know the floor construction in all the new type of caravan builds such as the alu tech etc is still the same as it has been for the previous construction types. I know that many people have commented on how that might be a potential weakness in the Bailey alu ... The caravan laminate floor is made from a bonded plywood laminate with a thick insulated foam centre. Over time the bonded laminate will break away from the insulated foam centre resulting in the floor feeling “spongey” underfoot and occurs especially around the kitchen area and the main door. We can inject a special resin into the floor ... Stick and tin. Pros: Easy to repair if the timber or aluminium gets damaged but more costly to replace an entire panel. Easy to add fixings/fasteners to the body - find a frame/stud and away you go. Can easily be modified/fixed by the owner. Heavy-duty chassis. Often utilise aluminium frames over timber. Cons:1/4" Thick virgin rubber compound with checker-plate bar top surface Flexibility and precision one-piece construction make for simple installation or removal. ... Engineered to cover seating wells in the van floor, van cargo mats and liners are right what the doctor ordered when installing bulkheads and other equipment. They ensure supreme ...This is coated with an aluminium foil to the outer sides, which is durable and corrosion resistant. This creates a full waterproof insulation. The insulation is 10mm thick, which is equivalent to 70mm of polystyrene. The aluminium foil helps protect the underneath of your caravan from the elements, and works in these ways:Touring Caravan Specifications and Towing Data (UK models) If you are looking for your caravan's MTPLM, MIRO, which electric socket it has, the maximum laden weight or the length and width then we have information for over 13,000 caravans dating back over 20 years. Information is shown in both metric and imperial and you will also find some ...Standard panel thickness 29mm - designed for the DIY Panel Joiner system Panel Insertions are available for this product Click here to see What is so special about DIY Composite Panels with a pvc core This product can be bought as an individual panel or as part of a Composite Panel Kit A Details Description Additional benefits to customers include:Then, using the angle grinder with a good grinding wheel, we ground down the surface to taper from thick to thin. The edge of the hole should be a sharp edge, with a taper moving outward back to the normal shell thickness. Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download Step 3: Preparing the PatchesUsing 2 1/2-inch drywall screws, we drove screws down through the existing flooring into the cleat, spacing the screws close to 3 inches on center. When you lay the new plywood replacement piece in the hole, it will be supported by the cleat and you simply run screws through the new plywood into the cleat. Voila!Standard panel thickness 29mm - designed for the DIY Panel Joiner system Panel Insertions are available for this product Click here to see What is so special about DIY Composite Panels with a pvc core This product can be bought as an individual panel or as part of a Composite Panel Kit A Details Description Additional benefits to customers include:OSB is heavier than plywood, weighing about 2.4 pounds per square foot. A 4-foot by 8-foot sheet of OSB weighs about 77 pounds, which is heavy enough to require two workers to handle it. Once wet, OSB stays wet for a long time—slowing down the project. Once swollen, OSB will not compact to its original size.caravan floor. By ladydode100, August 15, 2020 in Caravan Bodywork. Share More sharing options... Followers 0. Reply to this topic; Start new topic; Recommended Posts. ladydode100. Posted August 15, 2020. ... Thick plywood on everything 1/8" 3 ply over a foam core I don't think so.This is because a shed has 3 measurements, length, width and depth. For example, if your pouring a 10×12 concrete shed floor that's 4 inches thick, you'll need 40 cubic feet of concrete. That works out to 1.48 yards of concrete which is 67 premixed 80 lb. bags totaling 5360 pounds of dry concrete.Thickness: 5mm, 12.7mm, 19mm, 25mm, 30mm, 40mm Birch Premium Birch plywood is the leading plywood product for architectural and exceptional joinery applications. This product has a warm, light coloured appearance and grain detail, making it suitable for both interior and exterior applications. View Plyco's Birch Premium products in store.Audio Jack Input for Mobile Devices. 40GB Hard Drive w/28GB Available. Uconnect w/Bluetooth Wireless Phone Connectivity. 1 LCD Monitor In The Front. 2nd Row Stow 'N Go Bucket Seats. Bucket Front ...Every now and then you might need to replace or repair a panel. Well you know where to come. We've got everything you need to make it right as rain. From replacement caravan exterior panels to paint, from bumpers to fittings and infill panels, it's all right here. 282 product s. Sort.<p>Bowtop Gypsy Caravan spares or repair Shepherds Hut Holiday. </p><p>Selling for a friend so please contact him for questions, 6'6" at widest part of bow x 5' by narrow part wide x 9'4" long, can stand up inside, approx 10ft from the floor, high, 4 wheel and turn table on the front, has a draw bar, log burner, will be emptied, just needs tlc, great project for the winter! </p>A caravan’s sub-floor is the floor under the carpet or vinyl. The sub-floor typically has three layers sandwiched and laminated together through a special sealant. The bottom layer is thin plywood, the middle layer is high-density insulation material, and the top layer is thick plywood. Include pin 3 of the 12N or 13-pin plug. In older caravans, wires carrying lighting currents to the rear of the caravan often run beneath the floor, where there is an increased risk of damage and general wear and tear. If a wire is damaged, or open-circuited, replace the cable with one of a similar, or better, specification.Panel thicknesses available in 2.7mm, 12mm, 15mm and 18mm thick lightweight plywoods Furniture Components for RV Market featuring European quality and Style European sourced papers and substrates for a clean superior finish and look. Thicker substrates designed for the cabinetry and perfect for furniture components. Highly durable panelsThis image shows what the interior of a mobile home will look like and how the insulation may be covering the wiring. Step 3: Remove Trim and Battens Next, remove the battens or strips that cover the seams where your wallboards meet. You can read how to do that here.Dec 06, 2021 · A static caravan is now a built-in series in a completely standard way. Here are the different elements of the construction of the static caravan: e of the static caravan: Roof: Topped by steel tiles and insulated with glass wool. Floor: Mounted on wheels. A wooden or plywood floor insulated with at least 60 mm of glass wool. The thickness of composite sandwich panels in caravan contruction is typically between 30 to 35mm. However, this varies depending on floor type, loads, construction, shape and size. Why is it so important to insulate a caravan in Australia? caravan floor. By ladydode100, August 15, 2020 in Caravan Bodywork. Share More sharing options... Followers 0. Reply to this topic; Start new topic; Recommended Posts. ladydode100. Posted August 15, 2020. ... Thick plywood on everything 1/8" 3 ply over a foam core I don't think so.Look inside the 23MLS Cougar Half-Ton and review the specifications, standards and options that come with this model Premium Fifth Wheels. See MSRP and 360 degree layoutsEach sheet is 29,5" x 19,5" and the mat is designed to cover a total area of 36ft². Material/Design The mat is constructed using a combination of butyl and foil. This material allows for easy adhesion so installation of the unit will be a breeze. The material is thick enough to effectively reduce metal vibrations and engine noise.Our floors are constructed by means of single piece 42mm thick sandwich panel. A fully welded aluminum frame provides the backbone of the floor. Coachbuilts have bonded wall and floor panels of varying thickness; this Auto-Trail's floor section gives good insulation, while a cheaper coachbuilt may have walls just 25mm thick ... Known as Alu-Tech, the system was used on Bailey's Pegasus caravan launched in 2009 and used when it started manufacturing motorhomes. The photographs show ...Might seem like a strange question, but what is the thickness of the wood of a caravan floor. The reason I ask is that I need to secure a weatherproof box under the 'van and need to decide what length screws to use. 1" No 8 would be more than adequate and I cannot imagine the floor being less than 1" thick, but it's always best to check!Here are the best 2 storey RV's or travel trailers. 1. Airstream Skydeck. airstream skydeck. Airstream has made what they call a skydeck model and it is basically a rooftop patio and not a true double decker vehicle. The skydeck is a solid built motorhome that has a rooftop patio on the upper deck. Its space that you can unfold in a couple of ...Might seem like a strange question, but what is the thickness of the wood of a caravan floor. The reason I ask is that I need to secure a weatherproof box under the 'van and need to decide what length screws to use. 1" No 8 would be more than adequate and I cannot imagine the floor being less than 1" thick, but it's always best to check!The frame is fully aluminium, TIG WELDED and LOCK BOLTED for strength and off-road trails. We use a Z CHANNEL on the chassis. This allows for the aluminium frame to sit on the side of the chassis. Therefore the frame is bolted directly to the CHASSIS and not sitting on top of the floor. All furniture is cut by CNC, we use a basic tongue and ...Chassis max is 100 kg. Dealer did help reduce it to 90 kg but wanted me to pay £500. Did sort it after Trading Standards got involved.off road for months with a brand new caravan. Next had recall because of danger of wheels falling off. At least they did this quickly. Final straw was damp.at front rotted floor.The steel stump battleground is a forest of columns stretching from concrete footings to the underside of timber floor frames. Steel column lengths can vary from less than 300mm to more than 5 metres. The columns support floors, walls, roofs, belongings and families. They are the critical support structure for our buildings.Composite is a super tough, durable and lightweight material used by leading caravan manufacturers, with Crusader Caravans at the forefront of this movement. The innovative material is used to form the roof, floor and wall panels of the latest range of Crusader Caravans, including the popular new CRV range. The cutting-edge material has been ...Sep 05, 2021 · You can do this by using a sprayer to apply the antifreeze to the surface of the wood. Then let the disinfectant solution dry for a week or two. Seal the wood with diluted epoxy resin. To create a strong and waterproof bond, epoxy resin is combined with a hardener. Minimum flooring thickness in any residential building. There are three general types of ground flooring construction: 1) Solid floor, 2) suspended Timber floor and 3) suspended concrete floor.. 1) Solid floor: A solid floor is typical way of constructing a solid floor for ground flooring would be to provide a base of hardcore with sand blinding material, with a layer of concrete over that.we stock a large range of wall boards and papers for all caravans White Lopez Ceiling Board 2440 x1220 x 2.7mm Ply £49.95 (inc VAT) Each Union Osaka Grey Wall Board 2440 x 1220 x 2.7mm P1706 £49.95 (inc VAT) Each Belmont Wall Board 1220mm x 2440mm P4022 £49.95 (inc VAT) Each Soho Taupe Super 020858 Wall Board 1220mm x 2440mm x 2.7mmNoble Prime External Sheeting, 2.0mm thick, (3.9mm total thickness) 4.15kg/m2 Filon Flexroof Sheeting, 1.0mm thick, 1.5kg/m2 Caravan Wall Ply, Polyteck 3.8mm thick; 2400 x 1200mm 7.9kg/sheet, 2.75kg/m2 Floor Ply, 12.5mm thick, 6.85kg/m2 Chassis Steel, per liner metre: RHS 150x50x3mm, 8.96kg RHS 100x50x3mm, 6.6kg RHS 75x50x3mm, 5.42kg Type and thickness of ply for converting van. I'm converting a (high roof, LWB) panel van into a camper, and want to use ply both for walls/ceiling/floor and for furniture. What type (hardwood/softwood) and thicknesses should I use for: 9mm soft (or 12mm so I could hang things off it if I decided to)? Maybe 6mm or 9mm of soft? I really don't know.This is coated with an aluminium foil to the outer sides, which is durable and corrosion resistant. This creates a full waterproof insulation. The insulation is 10mm thick, which is equivalent to 70mm of polystyrene. The aluminium foil helps protect the underneath of your caravan from the elements, and works in these ways:Minimum flooring thickness in any residential building. There are three general types of ground flooring construction: 1) Solid floor, 2) suspended Timber floor and 3) suspended concrete floor.. 1) Solid floor: A solid floor is typical way of constructing a solid floor for ground flooring would be to provide a base of hardcore with sand blinding material, with a layer of concrete over that.Flooring ply ranges in thickness from 15mm to 25mm. It is lightweight but still retains superior strength and rigidity. ... Caravan & Motorhome Details for Floor use. When working on a caravan or motorhome if you need to replace the floor, it is important that you use a plywood that is the same thickness as original if only doing a small repair.May 09, 2022 · Ply is a proven material used by many caravan manufacturers. It is relatively inexpensive, and at around 13mm it is one of the thinner materials and has limited thermal insulation properties. Ply serves as a good reference point for newer materials. Global Industrial™ Diamond Plate Ergonomic Mat, 15/16" Thick, 3' x 5', Black/Yellow Border. ITEM #: WB800319 (9) 1. 1 ...Jun 29, 2015 · During the 1950s, caravans were still being built as they had been in the 1920s and 1930s, with timber frames, double-panel ply sidewalls and a single-panel roof. Early Streamlite Rovers (Sprite) first used Holoplast, a heavy material that proved expensive – and buyers didn’t pay for costly new construction. The anatomy of the orbital floor predisposes it to fracture. The inferior orbital neurovascular bundle (comprising the infraorbital nerve and artery) courses within the bony floor of the orbit; the roof of this infraorbital canal is only 0.23mm thick, and the bone of the posterior medial orbital floor averages 0.37 mm thick.Thick 100GSM cover - removable for washing 215cm long - suitable for tall people Fairly light at 3.3kg Cons 81cm long when packed $85 from Snowys This open cell foam swag mattress is a great balance of price and quality. Note that it comes in both 50mm and 70mm varieties.Jun 13, 2010. #13. You typically should see concrete and boxed around that wood framing members for the floor. The concrete hearth extension is reinforced with rebar and cantilevered from the block chimney structure. Often the formwork for the concrete extension often gets left in place, rather than removed.A plywood subfloor generally uses 1/2-inch to 3/4-inch-thick sheets. The thinner 1/2-inch plywood subfloor material is ideal for carpet or vinyl, but I recommend the thicker version for floor tiles. In addition, depending on the spacing of the joists, 15/32-inch plywood should be standard if the underlying floor joists are 16 inches or less ...BEST OVERALL: TotalBoat TotalTread Non-Skid Deck Paint. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: INSL-X Sure Step Acrylic Anti-Slip Coating. BEST FOR DECK RAIL: Montage Signature Eco-Friendly Paint. BEST GLOSS ...You will get a more professional look by covering the entire floor. Adding Vinyl - Caravan Floor The furniture will sit on top, and be screwed to the floor later. Standard Wall Construction The wall thickness will be 18mm frame, with 3mm ply on the inside and the cladding on the outside. This will give an overall thickness of 25mm.After that we wanted to -. Remove the super old air conditioner at the front of the van and replace with a full length double window like we had at the back. Move the door over a little bit so we could fit our bed at the front of the van. Add one new window in at the front, which is where our bed is going to go.The specs of the caravan are below. 150L virtrifrigo compressor fridge. 220L of drinking water tanks. 110L of greywater. 260ah of battery. 40amp battery charger with an internal monitor. 30amp dc-dc charger. 40amp battery protector.Caravan checker plate is able to be professionally fitted to your caravan to protect the front and sides of your van from stone chips. Caravan checker plate is also a great way to give a fresh look, cover any existing stone chip damage and add value to your caravan. Replacing a tired looking vinyl stoneguard with checker plate is a great way to modernize and improve the look of a caravan.Whatever you plan on doing, your concrete slab should be at least 5 cm thick. That is the bare minimum of a concrete slab thickness. This is the thickness of the concrete slab alone and it doesn't include the gravel base, if you are using something like that. Your concrete slab thickness will depend on the type of the slab and its purpose.The caravan laminate floor is made from a bonded plywood laminate with a thick insulated foam centre. Over time the bonded laminate will break away from the insulated foam centre resulting in the floor feeling “spongey” underfoot and occurs especially around the kitchen area and the main door. We can inject a special resin into the floor ... The way that most caravan floors after a certain time were built was changed from solid 19mm ply-wood (heavy) to a laminated sandwhich-board. This comprises of a 4 or 6mm layer of ply underneath the van, a timber frame above filled with polystyrene or foam to a flush level and then a top layer of 4 or 6mm ply. That is the common method of floor construction in RVs. Cheaper models have less insulation and thinner subfloor plywood (or equivalent) and some may even have a metal sheet at the bottom, but the sandwich is basically the same. Yes, the insulation is important for your comfort, though the R value of 1 1/2 inch of Styrofoam is not great.An easy and quick way is to just use one thick piece of plywood. It's easy, quick, cheap, and relatively light weight depending on how thick the plywood is. ... That way my wall will sit right on the metal trailer frame and I'll screw the wall to the 2×4 in the floor from the outside. I'm also going to run the outside sheathing down to ...Brisbane-built Winnebago caravans feature one-piece walls, roof and floor. Many manufacturers like Brisbane-based Apollo, that builds Winnebago caravans, are now also using one-piece composite panels for their roof, and/or floor. Whereas most composite wall panels are of 29mm or 30mm thickness, many floor panels are now of honeycomb ...Airstreams do require more work than most RVs and camper trailers. Here are the most common problems with Airstream campers. Corrosion. Rivets. Leaks. Dents. Scratches. Difficult to Find Replacement Parts. Difficult to Repair The Exterior.Caravan window seal, a rubber channel with integeral mastic sealing strip, fits onto either 25mm, 27mm or 30mm thick panel, suits 25 mm wide white insert (not included) see part no CWS 2078. Price per metre. Cut lengths cannot be returned. Select size required below. Other sizes and profiles are available, please contact us for more information.Thankfully, Plyco has a number of lightweight plywood options that are perfect for caravan interior applications. Our most highly recommended product for a caravan or campervan interior is Hoop Pine AC Interior Plywood. As implied by the name, this variety of Hoop Pine is specifically designed with interior use in mind. That is the common method of floor construction in RVs. Cheaper models have less insulation and thinner subfloor plywood (or equivalent) and some may even have a metal sheet at the bottom, but the sandwich is basically the same. Yes, the insulation is important for your comfort, though the R value of 1 1/2 inch of Styrofoam is not great.The anatomy of the orbital floor predisposes it to fracture. The inferior orbital neurovascular bundle (comprising the infraorbital nerve and artery) courses within the bony floor of the orbit; the roof of this infraorbital canal is only 0.23mm thick, and the bone of the posterior medial orbital floor averages 0.37 mm thick.Any small defect in the door seal can allow moist air to be drawn into your freezer. Check the condition of the seal all the way around the door. Make sure it is clean and free of rips or tears. Also check the mating surface of the machine and make sure it is clean. . Any build up of debris, crumbs, and hardened spills will compromise the seal.Simply put, a floating floor system is any installation method that allows the flooring to "float' freely above your subfloor. That means it's not attached or held down by nails, although glue is sometimes used along the edges of boards. Floating floor systems make use of boards with milled edges that lock into place like oversized puzzle ...Composite is a super tough, durable and lightweight material used by leading caravan manufacturers, with Crusader Caravans at the forefront of this movement. The innovative material is used to form the roof, floor and wall panels of the latest range of Crusader Caravans, including the popular new CRV range. The cutting-edge material has been ...How thick do composite sandwich panels need to be? The thickness of composite sandwich panels in caravan contruction is typically between 30 to 35mm. However, this varies depending on floor type, loads, construction, shape and size. Why is it so important to insulate a caravan in Australia? elderberry and covid cytokinexa